1.0 LPG as an automotive fuel in the country was introduced in India after the issuance of the LPG (Regulation of Use in Motor Vehicles) Order in the year 2001 by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas. The actual retailing of Auto LPG thru an Auto LPG Dispensing Station (ALDS) could commence only in late 2002 with the introduction of LPG Conversion Kits duly approved by ARAI. It has been more than 6 years since, and during this period, the Auto LPG Industry has been treading a path of steady progress, consolidation and above all, safety.
2.0 SALIENT FEATURES OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (REGULATION OF USE IN MOTOR VEHICLES) ORDER’2001:
2.1 Allows Government Oil Companies and Rated Parallel Marketers to import (including Auto LPG import substitution), storing, distribution and selling Auto LPG for Automotive purpose (conforming to IS 14861:2000) through Auto LPG Dispensing Stations to registered vehicles with permanently fitted Auto LPG tanks and approved LPG Conversion Kits as notified by Ministry of Surface Transport, Government of India.
2.2 As per the LPG (regulation of Use in Motor Vehicles) Order-2001, either imported or import-substituted LPG can be used for Auto LPG purposes. The product specifications of Auto LPG are different from Domestic LPG and should conform to IS 14861:2000. Accordingly PSU Oil Companies are marketing Auto LPG sourced from following indigenous productions sources.
The salient differences between LPG used for automotive purposes (IS: 14861) and LPG used for domestic purposes (IS: 4576) are as under:
|Sr.No.||Characteristic||Auto LPG as per IS: 14861||Domestic LPG as per IS:4576|
|1.||Vapour Pressure at 40 Degree C, kPa||Min 520
|2.||C5 Hydrocarbons & Heavier, Mole %, Max||2.0||2.5
|3.||Dienes, mole %, max||0.5||Report
|4.||Total Volatile Sulphur ppm||150||150
|5.||Motor Octane Number MON||88||--
|6.||Cu Strip Corrosion at 38 C||Class 1||Not worse than No.1|
|7.||Evaporation Residue, mg/kg, max||100||--|
|8.||Free water content||Nil||Nil|
|9.||Hydrogen Sulphide||Pass the test||Pass the test|
2.3 Auto LPG is being dispensed through Auto LPG Dispensing Stations (ALDS) set up at existing Retail Outlets. The facilitates provided at the ALDS to dispense Auto LPG to vehicles include:
2.4 Auto LPG is being dispensed to vehicles fitted with Approved Conversion Kits. The Conversion Kits have been “Type Approved” by any of the following Agencies, as specified by MOST:
At present, 25 manufacturers of Conversion Kits for 4-Wheelers and 14 manufacturers of Conversion Kits for 3-Wheeler Vehicles have been approved by Various Testing Agencies.
2.5 Vehicles fitted with approved conversion kits should have “Permanently Fitted LPG Fuel Tank”. These tanks are manufactured as per BIS Specification IS 14899: 2000. Vehicles using replaceable domestic cylinders are not allowed
2.6 Any Parallel Marketer may also be allowed to import (including import substitution), transport, market, distribute and sell Auto LPG provided such Parallel Marketer has been rated for his capability, infrastructure network and readiness to carry out professed business, by any of the following Agencies:
3.1 Compared to Petrol, Auto LPG exhaust emissions emit:
3.2 Compared to Diesel, Auto LPG exhaust emissions emit:
|Conversion cost (Rs.)||18000|
|Fuel Price (Rs./Ltr) as on 01.02.09||47.94||72.26|
|Cost per KM (Rs.)||3.00||4.01|
|Saving in %||25.36|
|Break even at KMs||17678|
Click here to view product price for Auto LPG.
|Average km travelled/ day :||Km|
|Mileage achieved presently :||Kmpl|
|RSP of petrol :||Rs/ Ltr|
|RSP of Auto LPG :||Rs/ Ltr|
|Your payback period :||Months|
|Your yearly savings :||Rs|
1.When fitted with normal Auto LPG kit average cost is Rs16,000.
2.Mileage using Auto LPG is 10% less than conventional fuel.